Keyword Index to "Leon's Political Almanac"

Primary keywords are in alphabetical order. 
However, you may use your browser search function to find any word.

© Leon Felkins, 1998, 1999.
No part of this document may be copied without permission.
[Last revision, July 12, 1999]


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abortion

Roe v. Wade decision By Supreme Court

 

 

 

 

 

 

Activism

Hippies protest in Chicago

Amtrak's Sunset Limited is derailed

Ku Klux Klan founded in Pulaski, Tennessee 

Affirmative Action

Affirmed by Supreme Court

California Civil Rights Initiative, Prop. 209, passed 

 

Equal Employment Opportunity Commission established

Affirmed by Supreme Court

Race based contract awards are unconstitutional

Executive order 11478 issued by Nixon 

Cancelled in California

Supreme Court declines to review Cal. 209 

Set-asides

Quotas

 Sowell

African-Americans

First Cabinet Appointment

 NAACP Founded

 

Agricultural Adjustment Act

Supreme Court (New Deal)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Agriculture

Farm Security Administration established

Agriculture Act of 1949 -- sets milk price

Lever Act sets prices on farm products 

Morrill Act

Farm Bill signed by Reagan

 

Smith-Lever Act - county agents

Agriculture Trade and Development Act gives excess food to foreigners 

Federal Farm Loan Act

Alaska

Purchased by US

 

 

American Independence

first Continental Congress

Continental Army disbanded 

Boston Tea Party 

Americans With Disabilities Act

Infertility is a disability

 

 

Animals

Animal Damage Control Act passed

Laboratory Animal Welfare Act

Animal Enterprise Protection Act

Humane Methods of Slaughter Act

Endangered Species Preservation Act

"Rhinoceros and Tiger Conservation Act of 1994"

Endangered Species Conservation Act

Horse Protection Act

Animals must be given exercise

Arafat 

Men of the Year

 

 

Army Nurse Corps

Established

 

 

Army-McCarthy Hearings

Begin

 

 

Assassinations

John F. Kennedy

Lincoln Assassinated by John Wilkes Booth

Robert F. Kennedy

Martin Luther King, Jr.

President William McKinley

 

Asset Forfeiture

See "Forfeiture"

 

 

Atomic Energy Commission

Established

 

 

Banking

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC ) created

Financial Institutions Rescue, Recovery and Enforcement Act 

Garn-St Germain Depository Institutions Act

Banking Deregulation Act

Removed interest ceilings -- Carter

 

 

Bell System 

broken up

 

 

Blacks

See "African-Americans"

 

 

Boone, Daniel

Born

 

 

Brown, Ron

Commerce Secretary dies

 

 

Budget, U.S.

Reagan Revises

Clinton's Military

 

Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (BATF)

Created

Oleomargarine Act 

 

Bureau of Engraving and Printing

Established

 

 

Bureau of Immigration

Established

 

 

Bureau of the Public Debt

Created from "Public Debt Service"

 

 

Business

Clayton Antitrust Act

 

 

Camels

Purchased for Western US

 

 

 

 

 

 

Campaign Financing

Huang contributes $2.5 million

 

 

Canada

Gets a Constitution

 

 

Castro, Fidel

Becomes Cuban Dictator

 

 

Censorship

movies & photos of prize fights

 

 

Census

First

 

 

Central Intelligence Agency

Created 

National Security Act

 

Child Abuse

Child abuse act Becomes law

Child Abuse Accountability Act

"Child Protection Act" 

CHILDREN'S JUSTICE ACT

"Child Protection and Obscenity Enforcement Act" 

 

Law banning passed

Another law passed

Yet another law

Child-Labor

"Keating-Owen Act" passed

Factory Act passed by the British Parliament

 

China

"Most-Favored-Nation" status

Taiwan expelled from UN

 

Communists take over

Nixon visits

Tiananmen Square

Churchill, Sir Winston

Born

Iron Curtain Speech

 

CIA

Created

 

 

Cigarette ads

Ban on TV

 

 

Civil Disobedience and Protests

U.S. Marshalls battle Kahl

Thoreau jailed 

 

Civil Liberties

Americans with Disabilities Act signed

 

 

 

 

 

 

Civil Rights

Civil Rights Bill passed

"PREGNANCY DISCRIMINATION ACT"

 

Johnson signs 1968 Act

Lincoln suspends some civil rights

Civil Rights Act - 1960 

Civil Rights Commission

begins operations

 

 

Civil Service 

Pendleton Act: competitive examinations established

Anti-gag law 

 

Civil War

Lee Surrenders

Starts at Fort Sumter

Maryland Occupied

Lincoln suspends civil rights

Tennessee seceded

Vicksburg surrenders

Riots

South Carolina seceeds 

 

Clear Air standards 

EPA

 

 

Clinton Administration

Filegate

More Filegate

Hearings on Filegate

Haitian Policy

Lewinsky matter reported in press

Rents the Whitehouse

Huang in the Whitehouse

 

 

Vincent Foster found dead

Travel Office Scandal 

John Huang affair

Clinton, President William

Born

Lewinsky affair begins

apology to Native Hawaiians

Elected President

Starr Report is released on Clinton/Lewinsky 

Creates AmeriCorps

Code Napoleon

Goes into force

 

 

Cold War

Berlin Wall goes up

Iron Curtain lifted, Berlin Wall comes down

 

Colonial Times

Thanksgiving

 

 

Columbus 

Sets sail 

Columbusís ships, Niña, Pinta, and Santa Maria, landed in the Bahamas 

 

Commodity Credit Corporation

Established

 

 

Communism

McCarran Internal Security Act

Communist Party disbanded by Yeltsin

Poland and Hungary revolt 

Soviet Union gives it up

Berlin blockade begins

COMMUNIST CONTROL ACT passed 

Confederate States of America

Created

Jefferson Davis president

 

Congress

Secretly votes itself a pay raise of 33%

 

 

Constitution

16th amendment, Income Tax, ratified

22nd Amendment, term limit on presidency

15th Amendment, right to vote

17th Amendment, senator election, ratified

29th Amendment, voting age now 18

19th Amendment, women get the vote 

25th Amendment Ratified - Presidential succession

Chief Justice John Marshall rules on constitutionality of acts

Poll Tax amendment, #24, passed

Violated: "Defense Conversion, Reinvestment, and Transition Assistance Act of 1992"

Bill of Rights becomes U.S. law

 

Contract With America 

Tax Cut bill passed

 

 

Copyright

Law passed

 

 

Crime & Criminal Justice

Miranda versus Arizona decided

CRIME CONTROL ACT OF 1973 

Anti-Crime bill signed by Clinton

Bernhard Goetz shoots 4 black thugs

 

 

Omnibus Violent Crime Control and Prevention Act

O.J. Simpson found not guilty 

sentencing rules 

Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations (RICO) Act

"The Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act"

"EQUAL ACCESS TO JUSTICE ACT"

Richard Jewell gets life back

U.S. prisons now have highest incarceration of any country

 

CSPI, Food Police

Eating out is dangerous

 

 

Attacks Breakfast

Attacks Family Restaurants

Hamburgers are bad

Eggs can be bad

caffeine is bad

soft drinks are bad 

No chicken, beef, or popcorn -- CSPI

No Chinese, Mexican, or Italian food 

fat substitute, Olestra, unsafe 

Cuba

Clinton halts refugees

Cuban missile crisis 

Cuban Democracy Act

Platt Amendment rider

"Bay of Pigs" invasion

Guantanamo Bay, invaded

USA ends diplomatic relations with

Castro becomes Dictator

Charter flights banned by Clinton

Operation Mongoose

 

 

Davis, Jefferson

Born

Carter signed a bill restoring U.S. citizenship 

 

DDT

Outlawed

 

 

de Klerk 

Men of the Year

 

 

Death Squads

Trained by U.S.

 

 

Debt, National

Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act

 

 

Clinton signs "Balanced budget" bill and new Tax law

$1 TRILLION mark passed

Balance the budget 

Passes 2 trillion mark!

Passes 3 Trillion mark

Passes 5 trillion mark!

Denver International Airport

Opens

 

 

Department of Agriculture

Created

 

 

Department of Commerce

Created

 

 

Department of Defense

Formed

 

 

Department of Education 

Created

 

 

Department of Energy

Created

 

 

Department of Health and Human Services

Created

 

 

Department of Health, Education and Welfare

Created

 

 

Department of Housing and Urban Development

Established

 

 

Department of Interior

Created

 

 

Department of Justice 

Created

 

 

Department of Labor

Created

 

 

Department of Labor and Commerce

Created

 

 

Department of State

Created

 

 

Department of the Treasury

Created

 

 

Department of Transportation

Created

 

 

Department of Veterans Affairs

Created

 

 

District of Columbia

Established

Walter Washington elected 1st mayor

 

Documents of Liberty

Articles of Confederation adopted

 

 

Declaration of the Rights of Man

US Constitution adopted 

Thomas Paine publishes Common Sense

Declaration of the Rights of Man published

Federalist Papers begin publication

Mayflower Compact signed 

Magna Carta

Declaration of Independence

Freedom of Information Act signed 

Dog-licensing law

First

 

 

Dred Scott

Decision by Supreme Court - Slavery

 

 

Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)

Established

 

 

Drug War

See "War on Drugs"

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eastern Europe

Czechoslovakia gets democracy, Havel elected

 

 

Economics

Keynes

Friedrich von Hayek wins Nobel Prize

Stock Market Crashed 

oil embargo

 

 

Education

"Higher Education Act of 1965", Johnson

 

 

Massive spending

Head Start, Johnson 

Land Grants to colleges 

state of Massachusetts allowed some flexibility

Student Loans 

"Improving America's Schools Act of 1994"

Elections/Campaigns

Corrupt Practices Act passed

Incumbents' advantage

"motor voter" bill approved 

Election Reform Act

Idaho grants women right to vote

Whiskey Ring for Grant's reelection

First direct primary election

Gerrymandering

Equal time on the radio

voting age reduced to 18

Hatch Act 

Voting Rights Act signed by Johnson 

Elkins Act

Passed (regulates railroads)

 

 

Emancipation Proclamation 

Signed

 

 

Emergency Banking Relief Act

Passed during Great Depression

Endangered Species

Act signed

 

 

Energy

National Energy Act of 1978

 

 

English Parliament 

First

 

 

Entitlements

Medicare passed

Food stamp program

Medicare starts

Workmen's Compensation Act is passed

Water Pollution Control Act

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act 

Environment & Environmentalism

Soil and Water Resources Conservation Act

Air Quality Act of 1967

National Air Quality Control Act, (Clean Air Act) 

"Clean Air", goes into effect

Clinton to educate public about Global Warming

Johnson signs Wilderness Act 

Act of 1969

"Global Warming" is born

Clean Air Act passed

CFCs (chloroflourocarbons) banned

Superfund

Water Quality Act passed

Dioxin scare

"Wetlands Act" becomes law

Toxic Substances Control Act

Exxon "Valdez" runs aground

Sierra Club

Air Quality Standards to exceed $46 Billion

ozone layer hole

California Desert Protection Act

"Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990" 

fluorocarbons banned

"Hazardous Waste Containment Act of 1980" -- Creates "Superfund"

ETHANOL tax break extended by Congress

Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1976

 

 

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) 

U.S. Steel

Smoking

Created 

Equal Employment Opportunity Act

Becomes law

REHABILITATION ACT 

 

Executive Orders 

11246 equal opportunity obligations

11063 prohibited racial discrimination in housing 

 

12148 FEMA

11478 issued by Nixon establishes Affirmative Action 

Clinton signs order to prevent sales of tobacco to children

9066 -- Japanese Concentration Camps

9835 -- establishing the Federal Employee Loyalty Program

10925 -- Equal Employment Opportunity Commission established

Expansion of US Borders

US annexes California

Midway Islands annexed

Louisiana Purchase

Texas annexed

 

 

Exxon Valdez

Runs aground

 

 

Family

12-year-old boy gets a "divorce" from parents

 

 

Family and Medical Leave Act

Passed

 

 

Farm Subsidies

Agricultural Adjustment Act

Farm Bill of 1995

Agriculture Act of 1949 -- sets milk price

FBI

Created

 

 

Federal Election Campaign Act

Becomes law

 

 

Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Created

 

 

Federal Trade Commission

Established

 

 

Fidel Castro 

Cuba

 

 

Fishing Rights

Extended to 200 miles

 

 

Flood Control Act

Passed

Another one

 

Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

Created

 

 

Foreign Policy/relations

16 U.S. battleships, set out on an around-the-world voyage

Russian Famine Relief Act

 

China's most-favored-nation status approved

Tariff Act of 1930

UN Charter signed

Guatemala's pres overthrown with help of CIA

Economic sanctions to South Africa

oil embargo

Neutrality Act of 1939 allows export of arms

Iran-Contra Scandal 

TRADE MISSIONS FOR SALE?

Nuclear nonproliferation treaty is signed

Monroe Doctrine 

Foreign Corrupt Practices Act

Forfeiture

"COMPREHENSIVE DRUG ABUSE PREVENTION AND CONTROL ACT"

Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986

"The Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act" amended 

"Comprehensive Forfeiture Act of 1984"

Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations (RICO) Act

"Anti-Drug Abuse Act"

Exposed by Pittsburg Press

$468,000 of ex-gov of Louisiana money seized

Prosecutor Nicholas L. Bissell, Jr. gets nailed

Mrs. Bennis' auto is seized

Jew's assets finance 2nd trip by Columbus

Civil forfeiture ok says the Supreme Court

To confiscate his $5,000,000 ranch, Donald Scott is shot dead

Navigation Act passed

"The Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act"

Freedom

Boston Tea Party

 

 

Freedom of Information Act

Speed Limit Reduction from 70 to 55 mph

Irish get divorce law

"ANARCHIST EXCLUSION ACT"

Water Pollution Control Act

Gun Control Act of 1968

Bank Secrecy Act

"Wetlands Act" becomes law

Clayton Antitrust Act

Carpenters Union Ordered to Hire More Women

No prayers in U.S. Public schools

McCarran Internal Security Act

Rediculous School rules

CSPI, Food Police

Federal Employee Loyalty Program

Supreme Court Refuses to hear "Illinois antifornication statute"

Rent control starts in New York 

California Civil Rights Initiative, Prop. 209, passed 

Teaching bans -- Scopes Trial

Anti terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act passed

Sedition Act

French Revolution

Bastille day

 

 

 

 

 

 

G.I. Bill of Rights

Passed

 

 

Gasoline, leaded

Banned

 

 

Germany

Adolf Hitler becomes Fuhrer

Germany reunites

 

Global Warming

"Global Warming" is born

Arrested for smuggling Freon

 

Gold 

Illegal to own

gold standard abandoned 

Citizens are allowed to own 

Gorbachev

Demands reforms in USSR

 

 

Government

Government Management Reform Act

 

 

Government Abuse

"EQUAL ACCESS TO JUSTICE ACT"

Richard Jewell gets life back

"Six Acts" is passed by the English Parliament

Army "volunteers" were exposed to radiation

Tobacco Settlement

Lincoln Assassination trial ends -- improperly conducted 

Arrested for smuggling Freon

Trading with the Enemy Act

IRS can get abusive

Federal agencies packing guns

FBI begins covert investigation of journalist Daniel Schorr

Truman orders U.S. Army to seize nation's railroads

Richard Jewell nailed improperly

Battle of Athens (GA)

Anti-Terrorism Law used to abuse citizens

Steel Mills seized by Truman

Liquor seized by Army

Japanese excluded from owning land

Government Atrocities

"Ruby Ridge" Hearings convene

Soviets shoot down Flight 007 

 

Branch Davidian compound in Waco

More in Washington Post Report

Koresh's Branch Davidian Compound burnt

Siege of "Ruby Ridge"

Randy Weaver's wife killed

Massacre of St. Bartholomew

Government Corruption

"30 million Americans (1 in 7) are suffering from hunger" per Gore

Prosecutor Nicholas L. Bissell, Jr. gets nailed

Military Medical Benefits Amendments passed 

"ETHICS IN GOVERNMENT ACT"

New York City very nearly goes broke

South Korean President Roh Tae Woo is arrested

Dan Rostenkowski guilty

Watergate

Housing and Urban Development fraud

drugs donated to Bosnia are defective

Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995

Bush pardons Iran-Contra crooks 

Financial Institutions Rescue, Recovery and Enforcement Act

ABSCAM

TOP TEN SPENDERS AMONG LOBBYISTS

House of Representatives Bank closed

TRADE MISSIONS FOR SALE?

Whiskey Ring for Grant's reelection 

Koreagate

$468,000 of ex-gov Edwards of Louisiana money seized 

Superfund Worker Training Program is corrupt 

Nixon impeachment

Office of Government Ethics Authorization Act 

Truman finds massive corruption 

Robert Anderson ex Treasury head goes to jail

FBI director, Williams Sessions sacked by Clinton

Congressman Dan Rostenkowski indicted

Government Projects

Federal Highway act

More Mississippi levees

Mississippi river levees extended

Idea for Mississippi levees conceived

National Reclamation Act

Mississippi River gets levees

Flood Control Act of 1944

Tennessee-Tombigbee waterway

First Natchez Trace Parkway construction contract

Government Spending

Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act

 

 

Balance the budget

$4.4 billion atom-smashing Super Collider announced

AIDS Housing Opportunity Act

Government subsidizes religion?

$6 billion highway bill repeals 55 mph speed limit

Omnibus Reconciliation Bill vetoed by Clinton

Conference on Food, Nutrition and Health

housing and urban renewal -- $1 billion -- signed by Johnson 

PEACE CORPS ACT 

Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act

Air Quality Standards to exceed $46 Billion

Medicare bill signed by Johnson

Food stamp program

Balanced budget amendment defeated

Agriculture Trade and Development Act gives excess to foreigners 

Government Waste and "Pork"

First Natchez Trace Parkway construction contract

 

 

$500,000 homes for National Park employees

Superfund

Clinton creates AmeriCorps

Arming the Third World

Procurement Example

Lockheed and Martin merge -- we pay

Congress forces money on Pentagon

Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA)

Federal Aid in Sport Fish Restoration Act

Congressional Staff growth

Dioxin scare

Triton Project

Hazel O'leary

Loss of $23,000,000,000 from Medicare

Federal Housing Act creates slums 

Senate Barber Shop and the Beauty Salon

US government closes down due

"Hazardous Waste Containment Act of 1980" -- Creates "Superfund"

Flood Control Act of 1944

New York City narrowly avoids bankruptcy

Tennessee-Tombigbee waterway

Great Depression

Congress provides wheat to needy

Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) created -- Reforestation Relief Act

Works Progress Administration (WPA) established

National Industrial Recovery Act

Banking (Glass-Steagall) Act

Roosevelt's "New Deal"

National Recovery Administration (NRA)

Roosevelt (FDR) announces New Deal 

 

Rural Electrification Administration established by Roosevelt

Federal Emergency Relief Act passed

Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) initiated

Tariff Act of 1930

Flood Control

Farm Security Administration established

Great Society

Aid to Appalachia

War on Poverty bill signed 

Johnson signs $1 billion anti-poverty program 

Gulf War 

starts by Bush

 

 

Gun Control

Ban on Semiautomatic Rifles

Nazis had such laws first

National Firearms Act -- the beginning 

Gun Control Act of 1968

Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act

 

Handicapped

REHABILITATION ACT

 

 

Hatch Act

Passed - Agricultural subsidies

Revised

 

Hawaii

Invaded by U.S

Absorbed by US through the "Organic Act"

Annexed 

Highway speeds

legislation

 

 

Hijacking

First plane

 

 

Hitler, Adolf

Born, Dictator of Germany, WWII

 

 

Holidays

Louisiana and Arkansas are first states to observe Christmas

 

 

Homestead Act

Passed

 

 

Homosexuals

Military ban is unconstitutional by Clinton

"Don't Ask Don't Tell" in the military

 

OK, in military -- Clinton

Defense of Marriage Act 

 

House of Representatives

Audit

Rejects Term Limits

ABSCAM

Live TV begins

Jim Wright (D. Tex.) resigns under pressure

Staff growth

Their Bank closed

Jeannette Rankin first woman 

 

House UnAmerican Activities Committee (HUAC)

communism in Hollywood films

 

 

Founded

Arthur Miller convicted for contempt 

Alger Hiss/Whittaker Chambers Case

Immigration

Chinese Exclusion Act Passed

Japanese excluded

"Simpson-Mazzoli" Immigration Act

California anti-immigrant ballot initiative Proposition 187

Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 repealed

 

Impeachment

Johnson

Nixon - Threatened with

Clinton

Income tax

16th Amendment ratified

 Takes effect

A Tax cut

Income Tax was signed into law

IRS seize Willie Nelson's holdings

 

Lincoln's war tax

Clinton signs largest tax increase, Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act

Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act (income tax but killed by Supreme Court)

Revenue Act of 1950

Reagan signs a new Tax Bill 

Omnibus Taxpayer Bill of Rights

Withholding approved

Withholding began

IRS Restructuring and Reform Act of 1998

Influenza epidemic

False Alarm

 

 

Inquisition

Dissidents burnt at the stake

Jews ordered out of Grenada

Ends

Interstate Commerce Act

Passed and Invoked on Railroads

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interstate Highway System

Created by Federal-Aid Highway Act

Federal Highway Act passed

Federal-Aid Highway Act signed 

Invasions, etc. by U.S.

Operation Mongoose

U.S. Marines oust Nicaragua's president 

Troops sent to Panama to get Noriega by Bush

Haiti

Nicaragua - 1912 (also Honduras and Cuba) 

Manuel Noriega's trial begins 

Haiti to restore Aristide

Reagan orders Marines into Lebanon

Cuban missile crisis  

Lebanon

Beirut bombing kills 269 Marines

Panama

Nicaragua - 1896

Dominican Republic - 1965

Gary Power's U-2 spy plane shot down over USSR

Nicaragua - 1926

Dominican Republic - 1916 Again?

Guantanamo Bay, Cuba

Philippine independence established

Norte, Nicaragua

US invades Grenada

Iran 

Iranian hostage crisis begins

American hostages released

USS Vincennes shoots down Iranian passenger jet

Rescue of Hostages fails

 

 

Israel

Proclaimed as state

 

 

Japanese Americans

Forced to move to Concentration camps

Congress votes $20,000 to each 

 

Jefferson, Thomas 

Born

First Secretary of State

becomes President

Jews

Rounded up by Paris Police

 

 

Johnson, President Lyndon

Great Society

War on Poverty

 

Keating, Jr. 

convicted: S&L

 

 

Kerner report

Race relations

 

 

King, Jr., Martin Luther

Awarded Nobel prize

National Holiday

Assassinated

Korea

Divided

US agrees to build $5 billion nuclear power plant for North Korea

 

Labor

Taft-Hartley Act

Fair Labor Standards Act passed

National Labor Relations Act signed by Roosevelt 

Workmen's Compensation Act is passed

Carpenters Union Ordered to Hire More Women

Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (40 hr work week) 

Labor disputes

Reagan fires air traffic controllers

Truman orders U.S. Army to seize nation's railroads

 

Suppressed by military By President Jackson

soft coal mines seized by Army

federal troops battle striking railroad workers

Lend-Lease aid to Russia

Approved

 

 

Lewis and Clark expedition

Begins

 

 

Lincoln, President Abraham

Assassinated by John Wilkes Booth

Primary interest is to save the Union 

Gettysburg Address 

Clashes with Supreme Court over habeas corpus

Assassination trial ends -- improperly conducted 

 

Emancipation Proclamation 

Abolition of slavery

Born

Line-item veto

Enacted

 

 

Litigation

Dow Corning silicone breast implants

 

 

Mandela 

Men of the Year

 

 

Marshall Plan

Proposed

Act signed by Truman

 

Marshall, John

Chief Justice of Supreme Court

 

 

Mason, George

Born

 

 

Medical

Fewer doctors needed - subsidized

 

 

Medicare

socialist-like law

 

 

Men of the Year 

Rabin 

Arafat

Mandela

Mencken, H. L.

Born

 

 

Mexican war 

Begins

 Ends

 

Mexico

Bailed out

Nationalizes petroleum industry

US declares war on Mexico

Military

Homosexuals, gays

Women's Auxiliary Army Corps (WAAC) established 

Hernandez, Mexican-American citizen, shot dead by military

Men must register for the draft

USS Vincennes shoots down Iranian passenger jet

first women sworn into regular US Navy

Okinawans want our troops to leave

Latin American soldiers trained

Military Medical Benefits Amendments passed 

US Marine Corps created

"Don't Ask Don't Tell" in the military

DOD formed

WAVES created

Japanese girl raped 

US Air Force established 

 

 

 

Women's Army Corps (WAC) deactivated

"Defense Conversion, Reinvestment, and Transition Assistance Act of 1992"

 

Military school

First woman admitted

Shannon Faulkner enters The Citadel 

admitting women to the military academies, act signed 

Militia

Freemen standoff

 

 

Minimum wage law

First

Minimum wage from $4.25 to $5.15

 

Mitchell, Attorney General 

released on parole

 

 

Money

Federal Reserve System is created

 

 

Silver Certificates abandoned

"In God We Trust" added

Stock Market Crashed 

Money Laundering

"Bank Secrecy Act"

ANNUNZIO-WYLIE ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING ACT

MONEY LAUNDERING CONTROL ACT OF 1986

Money Laundering

"MONEY LAUNDERING SUPPRESSION ACT OF 1994"

Narcotics

First Act: Bars opium

Harrison Act 

See War on Drugs

NASA

Hubble Space Telescope launched

Challenger Explodes

Space Station Program started

 

 

 

Neil Armstrong on the moon

NASA & Space Act of 1958 signed by Eisenhower

 

National Park Service

Created

National Park Service employees in having to live in $584,000 shacks 

 

National Public Radio

Begins broadcasting

Nationalized 

railroads

 

 

Native Americans (Indians)

Second Seminole War

Declared to be aliens by Supreme Court

Sand Creek Massacre

Blackfeet Slaughter

Ordered to move to reservations

Dawes Act passed

Congress grants US citizenship

Battle of the Little Big Horn - Custer bites the dust

Sitting Bull surrenders

Creek Indians lose their land

Cherokee Indians moved, "Trail of Tears" 

Indian Removal Act signed by Jackson 

Ohio Indians cede their land to the US 

Chickasaw Indians cede their lands 

Seminole wars

Removed from Black Hills country because Gold found

900,000 acres in the Oklahoma opened to whites

First Indian reservation

Sioux lands ceded

Ohio Territory ceded 

Navajos get moved 

Sioux lose more land

Become wards of the government (Indian Appropriation Act)

Not allowed to sue

"Sitting Bull" is arrested and shot

Wounded Knee Massacre and here

Cherokee Indians sign treaty to give up land

NATO

Treaty signed

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nixon, President Richard

Born

Signs "Federal Election Campaign Act"

Visits China

Nixon impeachment

"I'm not a crook" 

 

North Vietnam

U.S. Bombing begins

 

 

Nuclear Devices/Power

Nuclear nonproliferation treaty is signed

first self-sustaining fission 

 

Three Mile Island Accident

Chernobyl Disaster

first hydrogen bomb is exploded

Obscenity

First trial

 

 

Panama

Canal Given up

Manuel Noriega takes over

 

Parties (Political)

U.S. Republicans regain majorities in both houses of Congress

 

 

Paul Revere

Rides for the American Revolution

 

 

Payola

Congress investigates

 

 

PBS 

Begins operation

 

 

Peace Corps

Established

 

 

Personal Finance

Employee Retirement Income Security Act creates IRAs

New Bankruptcy law

 

 

 

 

 

Philippines

Aquino beats Marcos

Declared a free commonwealth by Roosevelt

U.S. Army wages war against Filipino revolutionists 

Philosophy

John Locke born

Thomas Hobbes born

Police Abuse

Rodney King

Randomly stopping cars

"MOVE" firebombed

Police State

Federal agencies packing guns

60,000 armed agents

 

Political Correctness

General Ralston

 

 

Poll tax

barred in elections

 

 

Polygamy

Congress outlaws (Mormans)

 

 

Pony Express

Started

 

 

Post Office Department

On strike

U.S. Post Office becomes independent

Created 

Rural Mail delivery begins

First US Post Office 

 

Poverty

More people are officially poor 

 

 

Presidential news conference

First on TV

 

 

Prisons 

Riots due to "Drug War" Crowding

 

 

Privacy

Clinton creates database of 300,000 citizens at Whitehouse

"PRIVACY PROTECTION ACT"

RIGHT TO FINANCIAL PRIVACY ACT

Private Property 

Soviet Union

 

 

Prohibition 

Eighteenth amendment ratified

OK to drink 3.2 Beer

Prohibition Enforcement Act (also known as the Volstead Act) 

Federal Alcohol Control Administration

Ended

 

Public Acts

Witch executed

Salem Witch Trials

clergyman and 5 women convicted of witchcraft 

Public Choice

James Buchanan born

Thomas Hobbes born

American Political Science Association founded

Public Health Service

Established

 

 

Puerto Rico

Becomes Territory of US - Jones Act passed

 

 

Rabin 

Men of the Year

 

 

Race Relations

segregation is unconstitutional on public buses

 

 

"Separate but equal" facilities

Head Start, Johnson 

Japanese excluded from owning land

Affirmative Action affirmed by Supreme Court

Civil Rights Act of 1964 signed by Johnson

Voting Rights Act signed by Johnson

Affirmative Action causes?

Kerner Report

Equal Employment Opportunity Act

Gov. Faubus of Arkansas blocks school integration

E.O. 11246 establishes equal opportunity obligations

Eisenhower orders Army to escort black children to school

E. O. 11063 prohibited racial discrimination in housing 

The Civil Rights Act of 1991

Ku Klux Klan founded in Pulaski, Tennessee  

Japanese excluded from immigration

Raced based programs are unconstitutional

Race based contract awards are unconstitutional

Police acquitted. Riots start in Los Angeles 

Racial segregation in hospitals banned 

Brown v. Board of Education

Right to Vote

Busing of Students

Segregation in intrastate public transportation banned 

The Bell Curve published

 

 

Railroads

British

Regulation; Elkins Act

federal troops battle striking railroad workers

First Regulated

Army to operate ordered by Truman 

Hepburn Act increases regulation

Staggers Rail Act

US government seized control of all railroads

 

Reagan, President Ronald

Revises Budget

 

 

Regulations

OSHA established

"Poison Prevention Packaging Act"

 

AIDS Housing Opportunity Act

$6 billion highway bill repeals 55 mph speed limit

Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967

Child Protection and Toy Safety Act of 1969

Emergency Petroleum Allocation Act

Age Discrimination Act of 1975

"Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act" - beginning of Nanny State

Motor Carrier Act passed -- cuts back some regulations 

National Plumbing Products Efficiency Act passed - limits flushes to 1.6 gallons! 

Americans with Disabilities Act signed

caution labels on cigarettes

Agriculture Act of 1949 -- sets milk price

CDA law blocked - decency on the internet

Freeze on all retail food prices by Nixon

Fair Labor Standards Act passed

Crude Oil Windfall Profit Tax Act

Mandatory retirement age raised to 70 by Carter

Smoking on domestic airlines banned

Federal Trade Commission Act

Bank Secrecy Act 

TV industry

Mann-Elkins Act -- Communications

Wheeler-Lea Act is passed - more drug control

"Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act" enacted

Miller-Tydings Act allows price fixing

Ex-Lax ingredients banned

FTC pounces on condom mfg. 

Restaurant Menus - FDA

working hours, Britain 

Equal Pay Act

Rural Abandoned Mine Program (RAMP

Federal Boat Safety Act

Phones must include volume controls

Sherman Anti-Trust Act passed

minimum wage law passed

Clean Air Act passed

Supreme Court approves business

Leaded gasoline banned

Wheeler-Lea Act passed, Federal Trade Commission 

Titanic Maritime Memorial Act

Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (40 hr work week) 

Rent control starts in New York

Toxic Substances Control Act

Endangered Species Preservation Act

Federal government bans use of cyclamates

Trading with the Enemy Act

Humane Methods of Slaughter Act

Child Nutrition Act becomes law

"Child Protection Act"

"Fair Packaging and Labeling Act"

National Energy Act (Natural Gas deregulation

Religion

"In God We Trust" on Currency

"In God We Trust" on coins 

"under God" added to the Pledge of Allegiance

Defense of Marriage Act

Soviet Union ends decades of religious repression

Troops arrest Brigham Young

Jim Bakker is convicted on 24 counts

William Tyndale burned at the stake

Mormons abolish polygamy

Prayer in public schools

"In God We Trust" becomes US motto

No prayers in U.S. Public schools  

Start of 7th millennium

Michael Servetus burned at the stake for blasphemy

heresy punishable by death 

Government subsidizes?

Pope Innocent VIII gets rough on witches 

 

Reno, Janet

Born

Becomes first female Attorney General

 

Revolutionary War

Begins

 

 

Revolutions

elected government of Chile overthrown

 

 

RICO law

passed

Signed 

 

Riots

Blacks in Newark

Civil War

Detroit, Mich.

Police acquitted. Riots start in Los Angeles 

National Guard kills 4 at Kent State

Miami -- because police acquitted 

Watts

 

 

Rodney King

Brutalized on video tape

Police acquitted. Riots start in Los Angeles 

Stacey Koon and Laurence Powell, violated his civil rights

Roosevelt, Franklin D. 

Born

 

 

Announces New Deal 

 Creates Forest Service

Dies

Russia

February Revolution

 

 

S&L 

Keating Five hearings

 

 

Keating convicted

Savings & Loan Scandal 

Garn-St Germain Depository Institutions Act 

Scandals

Mary Jo Kopechne's last ride with Senator Kennedy

FBI director, Williams Sessions sacked by Clinton

Congressman Dan Rostenkowski indicted

President Ford pardoned Nixon

Starr Report is released on Clinton/Lewinsky

Travel Office Scandal

sexually explicit photos of the Greek Premier's wife published

Huang in the Whitehouse

Iran-Contra Scandal 

Vincent Foster commits suicide?

Nixon impeachment

Nixon announces resignation 

Watergate Trial begins

John Huang affair

Vice President Spiro Agnew resigns for bribery

Reagan admits selling arms to Iran

Clinton/Lewinsky affair begins

drugs donated to Bosnia are defective 

Schools

First Public School

EQUAL ACCESS ACT 

Triton Project

School-to-Work Opportunities Act

Signed by Clinton

 

 

Search-and-seizure

USSR

RICO Law

 

Secret Service

Created

 

 

Senate

Rebecca L. Fulton first woman senator

 

 

Senator McCarthy

Begins his campaign to roust Communists

 

 

Sexual Harassment

Court removes a barrier

 

 

Kelly Flinn gets court-marshalled

EEOC regulates

Anita Hill nails Clarence Thomas 

Slavery

Dred Scott decision

 

 

Smoking

Ads law by Congress

Banned in bars

Government Report

Ads law signed by President

Banned on domestic airlines

Settlement

caution labels on cigarettes

Britain bans cigarette advertising on TV

Clinton signs order to prevent sales of tobacco to children 

Clinton declares war on tobacco

Florida reaches settlement

Government says cigarettes are harmful

Second-hand

Second-hand

No sales to anyone under 18 law

Social Choice

Thomas Hobbes born

Amartya Sen wins Nobel Prize 

 

Social Security

Social Security Act, Roosevelt

First Check delivered

Reagan modifies

Social Security Administration is an independent agency

 

 

Soviet invasion of Afghanistan 

Grain embargo by U.S.

 

 

Soviet Union

Formally dissolved

Russian Famine Relief Act

Soviet Troops invade Afghanistan

Formed or maybe?

Soviets shoot down Flight 007 

Ends decades of religious repression

Hungarian revolt crushed

Bolshevik Revolution, aka The October Revolution

Poland and Hungary revolt

Space

first artificial satellite launched by U.S.S.R.

 

 

Space shuttle Challenger

Explodes

 

 

Space Station

Program started

 

 

Spanish-American War

USS Maine blows up

Ends by treaty

 

Spies and Spying

The Espionage and Sabotage Act passed

Central Intelligence Agency created

 

U-2 spy plane shot down over USSR

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg executed

American Spy plane shot down on Soviet border

Spoils system

acknowledged

 

 

Strategic Defense Initiative ("Star Wars")

Proposed by Reagan

 

 

Subsidies

"Watermelon Research and Promotion Improvement Act of 1993"

ETHANOL tax break extended by Congress

Farm Bill signed by Reagan

Canada announces cutback in passenger rail service

Chrysler Corp. Bailed out

Corporation for Public Broadcasting established 

Fewer Doctors incentive

Hatch Act - Agriculture

Federal Farm Loan Act

Supreme Court

"one man, one vote" decision

Supremacy of Federal government over states established

Rules on "Hustler v. Falwell"

Affirmative Action affirmed

life imprisonment without parole not allowed

death penalty is struck down

Affirmative Action Set-asides

Approves RICO law against anti-abortionists

Establishes right to review constitutionality of laws

Agricultural Adjustment Act

 freedom of speech

Roe v. Wade decision

Brown v. Board of Education

"separate but equal" facilities

"fair trade" price-fixing laws are not binding

cops can't randomly stop cars

Regulation of businesses is legal

Forfeiture, Bennis case

Dred Scott decision

Jobs - Affirmative Action

State prisoner's rights

Drug test are "searches"

Segregation in intrastate public transportation banned

Bank Secrecy Act affirmed

Gerrymandering is not allowed

Capital Punishment now ok

Quotas in contracts are acceptable

Gramm-Rudman deficit-reduction law is no good

First Female Justice, Sandra Day O'Connor

First black, Clarence Thomas 

No term limits in states

interception of communist propaganda

Segregated Private Schools must pay income tax

OK to burn flag

Civil forfeiture

Virginia Military Institute must admit women

Prayer in public schools

Bad prison conditions ok

obscenity

Raced based programs are unconstitutional

Race based contract awards are unconstitutional

Miranda versus Arizona

Refuses to hear "Illinois antifornication statute"

segregation is unconstitutional on public buses

state can enforce compulsory vaccination

Third-degree or other coercive methods OK

Work week limits unconstitutional

Busing of Students

Taiwan 

Diplomatic relations

 

 

Taxes

Income Tax approved

Reagan signs tax and budget reductions 

tax on beards 

Proposition 13

Tariff Act of 1930

"read my lips" Bush increases taxes

Term limits

House of Representatives rejects it

 

 

Terrorism

Animal Enterprise Protection Act

 

 

World Trade Center bombed

Oklahoma City Federal Building is bombed

Anti terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act passed

Texas, Republic of

Recognized by U.S.

 

 

Theory of Evolution

Teaching banned in "Monkey Trial"

Scopes arrested

"Monkey Trial" began

Three Mile Island

Accident -- Nuclear power

 

 

Tobacco

See Smoking

 

 

Treaties and International agreements

North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)

 

 

Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) formed

CFCs (chloroflourocarbons) banned

medium-range intermediate nuclear weapons banned 

Truman, President Harry

E.O. Establishes "Federal Employee Loyalty Program"

 

 

Truth in Lending Act 

Passed, also called Consumer Credit Protection Act

 

 

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

Established

 

 

U.S.S.R.

See Soviet Union

 

 

United Nations

Founding

Taiwan expelled from UN

 

USS Maine

Blows up

 

 

USS Pueblo

Seized by North Koreans

 

 

Vagueness

Americans with Disabilities Act signed

 

 

Veterans Administration

Established

 

 

Vietnam

U.S. Embargo ends

French defeated

diplomatic recognition given by Clinton

Vietnam War

150,000 Anti-war demonstrators march

 

 

draft evaders pardoned

First US combat forces arrive

Last U.S. troops leave

McNamara apologizes

Fall of Saigon

"Agent Orange" class-action suit

US troop withdrawal begins

North Vietnamese torpedo boats attack U.S. Destroyers?

Vietnam Moratorium Day

Volunteer's Dilemma

Kitty Genovese is killed while 38 watch

Woman raped while others watch

 

Wage and Price Controls

"Office of Price Stabilization" sets profits

Freeze on all retail food prices by Nixon 

Lever Act sets prices on farm products 

Nixon announces 90-day freeze

 

 

Wage Stabilization Board

Freezes wages

 

 

War Between the States

See Civil War

 

 

War Department

Established

 

 

War on Drugs

Cabinet-level drug czar created

Harrison Act

 

"Drug-Free America Act"

"Anti-Drug Abuse Act"

"COMPREHENSIVE DRUG ABUSE PREVENTION AND CONTROL ACT"

Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986

"The Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act" amended 

ANTI-DRUG ABUSE AMENDMENTS ACT 

Harrison Drug Act - the beginning

Nixon announces start

Narcotic Control Act of 1956

Marihuana Tax Act (Marihuana Traffic Act) [alternate spelling, "marijuana"]

D.A.R.E. is started 

William J. Bennett new czar 

Opium regulated

Noriega convicted

Drug test are "searches" says Supreme Court 

Time says D.A.R.E. is ineffective

Coast Guard cutter opens fire on a fishing boat

Reagan announces war on drugs

War on Poverty

Johnson

Begins

 

Wars and such

United States deploys 572 missiles in Europe

medium-range intermediate nuclear weapons banned 

Kellogg-Briand Pact signed by Hoover 

"Operation Desert Storm" begins in Iraq

Arming the Third World

Hydrogen bomb  exploded

Bush announces reductions in Nuclear Arms

Cuban Missile Crisis 

nuclear-tipped Jupiter missiles in Turkey 

Kellogg-Briand Pact abolishes War!

export of U.S. arms to belligerents banned

War of Independence ends

first hydrogen bomb is exploded

Neutrality Act of 1939 allows export of arms

War Powers Act Passed

Kellogg-Briand Pact signed by Hoover

Korean Armistice signed

Iraq invaded Kuwait

Peace signed with West Germany

US and USSR agree, no more chemical weapons

Pentagon Papers" excerpted

US sends missiles into Iraq for punishment

UN forces invade Korea

Nuclear histeria

War of 1812

Korean War begins

US troops leave Iraq

Warsaw ghetto

Uprising by Jews in Germany, WWII

Washington, D.C.

See District of Columbia

 

 

Washington, George

Born

Inaugurated as president

Farewell address 

Lays foundation stone for White House

 

 

Weapons

First atomic bomb detonated

Hydrogen bomb  exploded 

 

Weather Bureau, US

Begins operations

 

 

Welfare

2.7 million Americans receive food stamps

Food Security Act (FSA)

 

British School Meals Act

National School Lunch Act

Food stamp program

Federal Housing Act creates slums

Medicare bill signed by Johnson

Conference on Food, Nutrition and Health 

housing and urban renewal -- $1 billion -- signed by Johnson

"30 million Americans (1 in 7) are suffering from hunger" per Gore

More people are officially poor 

Reform act signed by Clinton

Clinton softens blow of new law

Humphrey-Hawkins "full employment" Bill signed by Carter

War on Poverty bill signed

CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT AMENDMENTS ACT

Johnson signs $1 billion anti-poverty program

West Point Military Academy

First females

 

 

Whitewater scandal

special prosecutor appointed

 

 

Women's Rights

Idaho grants women right to vote

 

 

Assigned to Navy Ships

West Point Academy

Equal Pay Act of 1963

Education Amendments of 1972

Virginia Military Institute must admit women

first women sworn into regular US Navy

Shannon Faulkner enters The Citadel

admitting women to the military academies, act signed 

National Organization for Women (NOW) formed 

Workmen's compensation law

Approved

 

 

World Court 

US withdraws

 

 

World Health Organization

Established

WWI (World War I)

Treaty of Versailles is signed

World War I ends

 

Wilson asks for War Declaration

War on Germany is declared

Archduke Francis Ferdinand assassination starts it 

WWII (World War II)

Germany invades Poland. The start of the war.

Britain declares war on Germany

 

Japan surrenders

Japanese Peace Treaty signed 

 

Japanese Americans sent to camps

V-E Day - Germany surrenders

D-Day


Back to Leon's Political Calendar.

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