Historical Political Events for February 28

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Year Event
1258 FALL OF BAGHDAD AND END OF THE ABBASID CALIPHATE. The Mongols subjected Baghdad to plundering and widespread massacres.
1844 The Dominican Republic declares its independence from Haiti.
1920 The nationalized railroads are returned to their owners by the Esch-Cummins (Transportation) Act. But, the government retains control of the rates through the ICC.
1922 EGYPTIAN INDEPENDENCE unilaterally granted by Great Britain, which nevertheless retained control over Egyptian foreign affairs and defense, the Suez Canal, and the Sudan (which Egypt had ruled until the British occupation).
1925 The Corrupt Practices Act passed by Congress puts limits on contributions to those running for political office. Strangely, the law has been quite soundly ignored!
1933 President Hindenburg and Chancellor Hitler invoke Article 48 of the Weimar Constitution, which permits the suspension of civil liberties in time of national emergency. This Decree of the Reich President for the Protection of the People and State abrogates the following constitutional protections: Free expression of opinion, Freedom of the press, Right of assembly and association, Right to privacy of postal and electronic communications, Protection against unlawful searches and seizures, Individual property rights, States' right of self-government. A supplemental decree creates the SA (Storm Troops) and SS (Special Security) Federal police agencies.
1986 Swedish Prime Minister Assassinated: Olof Palme, Swedish Prime Minister, leader of the Social Democratic Party was gunned down on a Stockholm street home from a cinema with his wife, Lisbet. A man in an overcoat approached from behind, drew a Smith & Wesson revolver and shot the premier in his back. While there are theories about who could have been behind the murder, the identity of the culprit remains a mystery.
1993 The Branch Davidian fundamentalist religious cult led by fanatic David Koresh (Vernon Howell), 33, stockpiles an arsenal outside Waco, Texas, and comes under scrutiny of the Treasury Department's Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms Unit (BATF) after reports of child abuse.Federal agents raid the compound this date. Four BATF agents, two or more Davidians die and Koresh is wounded in the gun battle; a 51-day standoff begins that ends in a major disaster. The FBI moves in with tear gas on April 19, and the compound goes up in flames, killing more than 80, including 24 children.
1994 President Clinton's (D) "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" policy for gays becomes official military policy.
1997 New federal regulations go into effect mandating fines of $250 and up for stores that sell tobacco products to anyone under 18 or neglect to card anyone under 27. [To avoid possible prosecution for not carding someone under 27, must you card everyone?]
and . . .
Quote of
the Day
The raid by ATF agents on the Branch Davidian compound resulted from its enforcement of contemporary federal firearms laws. In a larger sense, however, the raid fit within an historic, well- established and well-defended government interest in prohibiting and breaking up all organized groups that sought to arm or fortify themselves ... From its earliest formation, the federal government has actively suppressed any effort by disgruntled or rebellious citizens to coalesce into an armed group, however small the group, petty its complaint, or grandiose its ambition.
    — From the U.S. Treasury Department report on the Waco incident, Appendix G
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