Historical Political Events for April 12

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Year Event
1770 The British Parliament, repeals the Townshend Revenue Act, except for the tax on tea.
1844 The U.S. and the Republic of Texas sign a treaty providing for the annexation of Texas to the U.S.
1861 Fort Sumter, SC is shelled by Confederacy, starting the U.S. "War Between the States" (Civil War)
1864 Fort Pillow Massacre: Fort Pillow was garrisoned by one regiment of black troops, numbering 262, and a cavalry detachment of similar size, for a total of 557 men. On 12 April Forrest’s men attacked the fort. After a brief fight they overwhelmed the garrison. Confederate losses were fairly low (14 killed and 86 wounded). Union losses were much heavier. Of the garrison of 557 men, 231 were killed, 100 wounded and 226 captured. Only 75 of the 262 black troops were amongst the captured.
1934 Nye Committee is formed: Senator Gerald P. Nye (ND) to investigate armament sales and manufacture during WW I, revealing that huge profits had been made by American financiers and munitions manufacturers.
1945 President Roosevelt (D), 63, dies of a cerebral hemorrhage. Truman takes over.
1961 Soviet Cosmonaut, Maj. Yuri A. Gagarin, in the spaceship Vostok I, became the first man successfully to orbit the earth; he circled the earth for 108 minutes at a maximum altitude of 203 miles.
and . . .
Quote of
the Day
What most people don't seem to realize is that there is just as much money to be made out of the wreckage of a civilization as from the upbuilding of one.
    — Margaret Mitchell (1900-1949) American novelist, Gone With the Wind
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