Historical Political Events for April 22

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Year Event
1500 The Portuguese commander PEDRO CABRAL, sailing to India from the Cape Verde Islands with 13 caravels, landed in BRAZIL. The expedition stayed only ten days, but took official possession of the country, which Cabral named Terra da Vera Cruz. (from The Encyclopedia of World History, 2001)
1864 Congress authorizes use of the motto "In God We Trust" for US coins. [Unlike "prayer in school", this action DOES NOT violate the "separation of Church and State" doctrine.]
1889 At twelve noon, the U.S. government opens nearly 2 million acres of Oklahoma land to settlement, inaugurating a furious land rush. Native American tribes are paid about $4 million for the parcel of land that had previously been promised would be a permanent refuge for Native Americans that were moved from their eastern territories. The starting gun sounds at noon, and an estimated 50,000 settlers race across the land; by sunset, all 1.92 million acres have been claimed.
1898 The U.S. Congress passes the Volunteer Army Act, providing for the marshalling of the First Volunteer Cavalry, which becomes known as the Rough Riders. (The Encarta® 2000 New World Timeline © Copyright 1998, Helicon Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.)
1930 The United States, Britain, France, Italy, and Japan end the London Conference (held since January 21), signing a treaty on naval disarmament, regulating submarine warfare and limiting aircraft carriers. (The Encarta® 2000 New World Timeline © Copyright 1998, Helicon Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.)
1954 THE ARMY-McCARTHY HEARINGS, U.S. Congressional Inquiry. Broadcast "gavel to gavel" on the ABC and DuMont networks from 22 April to 17 June 1954, the Army-McCarthy hearings were the first nationally televised congressional inquiry and a landmark in the emergent nexus between television and American politics.
1990 First "Earth Day" is held. A more thoughtful review is here.
1997 Peruvian commandos stormed the Japanese ambassador's residence, freeing 72 hostages and ending the 126-day-long crisis. In addition to one hostage and two soldiers, all 14 rebels were killed in the raid. President Fujimori's approval ratings soared to 67 percent as a result of the action.
1997 Health Advisory: Family food restaurant meals are bad for you, according to CSPI, the nation's food police. More here.
and . . .
Quote of
the Day
The very purpose of a Bill of Rights was to withdraw certain subjects from the vicissitudes of political controversy, to place them beyond the reach of majorities and officials and to establish them as legal principles to be applied by the courts. One's right to life, liberty, and property, to free speech, a free press, freedom of worship and assembly, and other fundamental rights may not be submitted to vote; they depend on the outcome of no elections.
    — Justice Robert H. Jackson
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