Historical Political Events for May 05

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Year Event
1682 William Penn publishes his Frame of Government for Pennsylvania which creates a governmental structure of governor, council, and assembly, establishes complete religious freedom, and provides for a treaty of friendship with Native Americans. (The Encarta® 2000 New World Timeline © Copyright 1998, Helicon Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.)
1862 The battle of Cinco de Mayo took place on this date. Now celebrated as a holiday in Mexico.
1863 Former congressman Clement L. Vallandigham of Ohio was forcefully taken from his Dayton, Ohio, home in the middle of the night by 67 armed federal soldiers, thrown into a military prison without due process, convicted by a military tribunal, and deported. [Was Lincoln an inspiration to the "Neocons"?]
1916 US marines invade Dominican Republic, stay until 1924. Hundreds of times in the last 210 years, the United States has deployed its military forces in conflicts abroad, although the U.S. has only formally declared war on eleven occasions.
1920 The League of Nations mandate for Iraq was formally accepted by Britain. The newly created country, made up of the former Ottoman provinces of Baghdad, Mosul, and Basra, had a population of around 3 million, about 80 percent of whom spoke Arabic as their first language (some 15 percent were primarily Kurdish speakers). About 90 percent of Iraqis were Muslims, the majority of them (60 percent) Shiites. Four-fifths of the population was rural, and Baghdad ranked as the largest urban center, with some 200,000 residents. (Encyclopedia of World History)
1925 John Scopes was arrested in Tennessee for teaching Darwin's theory of Evolution.
1933 1) The Agricultural Adjustment Act in the U.S. rewards farmers for uprooting crops in order to curtail overproduction. 2) The U.S. Congress passes the Federal Emergency Relief Act. Under the leadership of the New York social worker Harry L. Hopkins, the Emergency Relief Administration provides states with cash to assist the unemployed. 3) The U.S. Congress creates the Tennessee Valley Authority, a regional electrification and agricultural revitalization program affecting eight southern states, which aims to control flooding, produce electric power, and improve agriculture. (From The Encarta® 2000 New World Timeline © Copyright 1998, Helicon Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.)
and . . .
Quote of
the Day
It is inconceivable that a judicious observer from another solar system would see in our species — which has tended to be cruel, destructive, wasteful, and irrational — the crown and apex of cosmic evolution. Viewing us as the culmination of anything is grotesque; viewing us as a transitional species makes more sense — and gives us more hope.
    — Betty McCollister, "Our Transitional Species", Free Inquiry Magazine, Vol. 8, No. 1
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