Historical Political Events for June 12

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Year Event
1630 Puritans land in New England. They had left England with 12 ships on April 10, 1630. The largest vessel, the 350-ton Arabella, carried about a 1000 passengers, many heads of cattle, and provisions.
1776 The Virginia Convention adopted the first Declaration of Rights in America. Based on George Mason's draft, the Virginia Declaration had wide influence, notably on the later federal Bill of Rights and the Declaration of Rights of Man and of the Citizen during the French Revolution.
1967 In the U.S. Supreme Court in Loving v. Virginia, declares that laws against interracial marriage violate the constitution.
1967 In Washington v. Texas, 388 U.S. 14, the Supreme Court rules that accused people have the right to have witnesses in their favor brought into court.
1995 The U.S. Supreme Court rules, in Adarand Constructors, Inc. v. Pena, that federal programs which favor people on the basis of race are presumably unconstitutional. The 5-to-4 decision gives support to opponents of affirmative action. President Clinton (D) declares July 19 that affirmative action has been "good for America," but the University of California's Board of Regents votes July 20 to end preferential treatment of minority applicants.
1996 A panel of federal judges in Philadelphia blocked a law against indecency on the Internet.
1999 President Clinton (D) issues Executive Order (EO) #13126 "to fighting abusive child labor practices". No, not in the US, but in the rest of the world, particularly "third world" countries where the choice is often between working or starving. EO's are used by some presidents to bypass the legislative process in establishing new laws.
and . . .
Quote of
the Day
The Puritans nobly fled from a land of despotism to a land of freedom, where they could not only enjoy their own religion, but could prevent everybody else from enjoying his.
    — Artemus Ward, "The London Punch Letters"
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