Historical Political Events for July 03

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Year Event
1775 George Washington takes command of the Continental Army of the American colonies at Cambridge, Massachusetts.
1778 Wyoming Valley Massacre: The British at Niagara gathered forces for a strong raid to clear Americans out of the land in the Forks of the Susquehanna.
1890 Idaho becomes the 43rd state of the U.S.A.
1898 U.S. naval forces destroy the Spanish fleet in Cuba when it tries to depart from Santiago. (from The Encarta® 2000 New World Timeline © Copyright 1998, Helicon Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.)
1915 The U.S. landed forces in Haiti. Philippe Dartiguenave assumed the presidency under U.S. supervision (Aug. 12). A new constitution allowed foreigners to own land. Peasants rebelled against forced roadwork, and U.S. Marines intervened to repress them. The U.S. established a ten-year protectorate, prolonged until 1936. Under U.S. rule, the Haitian population found itself subjected to harsh racism. (The Encyclopedia of World History)
1968 General William C. Westmoreland relinquishes command of U.S. forces in Vietnam, after losing the U.S. president Lyndon B. Johnson's confidence. Westmoreland is succeeded by General Creighton W. Abrams. (From The Encarta® 2000 New World Timeline © Copyright 1998, Helicon Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.)
1988 A US ship, the Vincennes, responding to what it thought was an attack by an Iranian F-14 fighter, fires a missile that shoots down what is actually an Iranian passenger jet. All 290 passengers are killed. The media finds it uninteresting and no one goes to jail. More here!
and . . .
Quote of
the Day
In the fall of 1972 President Nixon announced that the rate of increase of inflation was decreasing. This was the first time that a sitting president used the third derivative to advance his case for reelection.
    — Hugo Rossi, "Mathematics Is an Edifice, Not a Toolbox", Notices of the AMS, v. 43, no. 10, Oct. 1996
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