Historical Political Events for July 13

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Year Event
1099 The Crusaders launched their final assault on Muslims in Jerusalem. We try not to call such invasions "crusades" anymore -- "liberation" has a nicer ring to it.
1585 A group of 108 English colonists, led by Sir Richard Grenville, reaches Roanoke Island, North Carolina.
1787 "Northwest Ordinance" passed, providing for the orderly addition of new states and provision for "encouragement of education and the prohibition of slavery and involuntary servitude".
1854 US Naval forces bombarded and burned San Juan del Norte (Greytown) to avenge an insult to the American Minister to Nicaragua.
1863 Anti-draft riots break out in several Northern U.S. cities as many citizens oppose being drafted in the Union Army. In New York city alone, hundreds killed (by some estimates) -- mostly blacks -- and there was over $2 million in property damage. Hostility is vented mostly on the Negroes as they were considered the cause of the "War Between the States".
1954 In Geneva, the United States, Great Britain and France reached an accord on Indochina, dividing Vietnam into two countries, North and South, along the 17th parallel. [Like a bad vaccination, it didn't take!]
1977 Electricity goes out for 25 hours in New York, New York due to a short in neighboring Westchester County. 776 looters are arrested, 100 policemen are injured, nearly 500 fires are reported, and $135 million worth of property is damaged or destroyed. (From The Encarta® 2000 New World Timeline © Copyright 1998, Helicon Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.)
and . . .
Quote of
the Day
Politics; a strife of interests masquerading as a contest of principles. The conduct of public affairs for private advantage.
    — Ambrose Bierce, The Devil's Dictionary, 1906
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