Historical Political Events for October 18

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Year Event
1448 The second Battle of Kosovo, in which Murad crushed another Crusader army led by Hunyadi and thus dashed European hopes of pushing the Ottomans out of the Balkans. (from The Encyclopedia of World History, 2001)
1748 Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, negotiated largely by Britain and France, with the other powers following their lead, ended the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-1748), known in America as King George's War.
1854 The Ostend Manifesto. The American ministers to Britain, France, and Spain, instructed to confer on the best means of acquiring Cuba, met at Ostend and drew up the manifesto saying that if Spain refused to sell Cuba, the United States would be justified in taking it by force. Not enacted.
1912 This date marks the beginning of the First Balkan War. The first of the Balkan wars occurred when several independent Balkan states sought to liberate the rest of the Balkan Peninsula from the rule of the Ottoman Empire.
1969 Federal government bans use of cyclamates artificial sweeteners. That their use is not actually harmful but banning is should not surprise you.
1972 The Water Pollution Control Act (aka, "The Clean Water Act") is passed by Congress over President Nixon's veto. Creates controversial property "takings" by the government in the name of environmentalism.
1977 West German commandos stormed a plane hijacked by the terrorists, the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP), freeing all of the hostages.
2005 Today's Example of a Most Interesting Government Purchase: General Dynamics received a $247 million contract in August to dismantle and recycle 40,000,000 pounds of obsolete bombs, even though it was the high bidder by $60 million, government documents show. Trucking these bombs through populated areas makes life more interesting for the natives.
and . . .
Quote of
the Day
The veterans of all American wars have resisted stoutly any effort to examine realistically either the circumstances of their service or the body of idea underlying the cause they were forced to serve. Man always seeks to rationalize his necessities -- and, whenever possible, to glorify them.
    — H. L. Mencken, Minority Report (1956)
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