Historical Political Events for November 13

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Year Event
1956 US Supreme Court rules that an Alabama law that requires Negroes to sit in the back of the bus is unconstitutional (on public busses). Rosa Parks was the person who brought the issue to a head.
1969 V.P. Agnew charged television networks and newspapers with presenting biased versions of the news and misrepresenting the government's policies.
1986 President Ronald Reagan admits that our government has been illegally selling arms to Iran. [It is profitable, what else needs to be said?].
1995 Two truck bombs kill five Americans and two Indians in a US-operated training center in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
1998 The Economic Development Administration (EDA) was reauthorized for a five-year period by the Economic Development Reform Act. The purpose is to address economic problems affecting economically distressed rural and urban communities -- commonly referred to as "pork".
1998 Today's Example of a Most Interesting Government Purchase (see the CBD): From the Department of the Treasury (DY)--US Customs Service: "CANINE KENNELING SERVICES--SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA", AMT $265,538 TO Jensen's Kennel's Inc., 3655 Proctor Valley, Bonita, CA 92002 and $172,718 TO El Centro Animal Clinic, 298 W. Main, El Centro, CA 92243. [These drug sniffer dogs must get some plush quarters! And why 2 kennels? Is this what is called "structuring"?]
2001 President Bush (R) issues an executive order (EO) establishing military tribunals for the trial and potential execution of any person he labeled an “enemy combatant.” He dictated that people classified as enemy combatants “shall not be privileged to seek any remedy … directly or indirectly … in any court of the United States.” EO's are used by the president to create laws without having to go through the cumbersome legislative process (as required by the Constitution).
and . . .
Quote of
the Day
The constitution supposes, what the History of all Governments demonstrates, that the Executive is the branch of power most interested in war, & most prone to it. It has accordingly with studied care, vested the question of war in the Legislature.
    — James Madison to Thomas Jefferson, 2 Apr. 1798
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