Historical Political Events for February 1

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Year Event
326 BCE Alexander the Great invaded the Punjab, crossed the Indus this month, was welcomed to the rich and cultured city of Takshasila (Taxila), won a battle on the banks of the Jhelum, and withdrew on demand of his troops, sending Nearchus with a fleet by sea. Important cultural contacts took place between Hellenistic and Indian civilizations. (From The Encyclopedia of World History, Stearns, Houghton Mifflan Co., 2001)
1775 In the British Parliament, Chatham introduces bill to conciliate American colonists, which is rejected, and repressive legislation follows (From Chronology of Modern World: 1763 - 1992, 2nd edition, Macmillan Library, 1994).
1861 Texas secedes from the Union.
1865 President Lincoln approved the 13th Amendment that abolished slavery (National Freedom Day). Apparently, there was another 13th Amendment!
1876 The U.S. Army orders all Sioux Indians to return to their reservation in spite of the fact that the reservation was being overrun by whites looking for gold. The Army prepares for war with the Sioux.
1905 President Roosevelt (R) creates the Forest Service. Many public lands are shortly designated as "National Forests."
1979 Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini returns to Iran after 16 years of exile.
2000 The House passed H.R. 1838 The Taiwan Security Enhancement Act.
and . . .
Quote of
the Day
I will say then that I am not, nor ever have been in favor of bringing about in anyway the social and political equality of the white and black races - that I am not nor ever have been in favor of making voters or jurors of negroes, nor of qualifying them to hold office, nor to intermarry with white people; and I will say in addition to this that there is a physical difference between the white and black races which I believe will forever forbid the two races living together on terms of social and political equality. And inasmuch as they cannot so live, while they do remain together there must be the position of superior and inferior, and I as much as any other man am in favor of having the superior position assigned to the white race.
    — Abraham Lincoln, 9/18/1858 - 4th Debate with Douglas [Should politicians be held accountable for what they proclaim in debates?]
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