Historical Political Events for February 29

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Year Event
1562 Massacre at Vassy, French Religious Wars: The First War of Religion (1562-63) was the first of a series of nine wars that split France for nearly forty years, and was a generally inconclusive war that was ended by a compromise peace.
1803 Ohio is admitted as the 17th U.S. state.
1811 Massacre of the Mamelukes -- nearly 500 killed.
1815 First US obscenity trial held in Philadelphia. Jess Sharpless was found guilty of displaying an obscene painting in his home!
1833 Congress enacted the "Force Bill", which empowered the president to use the armed forces to enforce federal laws.
1845 Texas annexed by means of a joint resolution of Congress.
1867 Nebraska is admitted as the 37th U.S. state.
1875 A Civil Rights Act is passed guaranteeing Negroes equal rights in public places and conveyances. Overturned by the U.S. Supreme Court on October 15, 1883.
1877 A Supreme Court decision, Munn v. Illinois, establishes that the government regulation of U.S. businesses is legal as long as it is for the "public good".
1913 Federal income tax takes effect, as per the 16th amendment of the Constitution.
1932 Kidnapping of Lindbergh Baby: Charles Augustus Lindbergh, Jr., 20-month-old son of the famous aviator and Anne Morrow Lindbergh, was kidnapped about 9:00 p.m., on March 1, 1932, from the nursery on the second floor of the Lindbergh home near Hopewell, New Jersey.
1954 On this date, the hydrogen bomb, code named Bravo, was detonated on the surface of the reef in the northwestern corner of Bikini Atoll. Using the technique that had been so successful with the relocation of the Native American Indians a century before, the U.S. Government had previously moved the natives of the islands to the uninhabited islands of Rongerik Atoll (uninhabited because of a lack of food sources. To compensate for this problem, the U.S. government left food supplies with them which lasted several weeks.)
1961 President Kennedy established the Peace Corps.
1996 The U.S. Marshals give the Robert Forsyth Act of Valor Award to federal marshals Larry Cooper, David Hunt, Frank Norris, Arthur Roderick and Joseph Thomas who were part of the team involved in the Ruby Ridge incident wherein Randy Weaver's wife and son were killed. Reported by the Gannett News Service on 3/19/1996.
2003 Maligned INS ceased to exist this date. The agency was supposedly disbanded due to its inept handling of immigration issues. All of its functions and employees have been transferred to the new Department of Homeland Security. [Of course, all of this is a farce. Nothing will change except more costs and more bungling. Government agencies never really go away.]
2008 A new study from the Pew Center on the States reports that the U.S.A. (A.K.A. "The Land of the Free") now has an incarceration rate of 1 in 100, by far the highest in the world [surely there is a mistake here -- this does not jibe at all with what I was taught!].
and . . .
Quote of
the Day
There is a Providence that protects idiots, drunkards, children and the United States of America.
    — Otto von Bismarck
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