Historical Political Events for March 2

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Year Event
1836 Texas Revolution: Declaration of independence of the Republic of Texas from Mexico. Strangely, shortly thereafter they gave up their independence and allowed themselves to swallowed by the U.S.A.
1861 "Feed and Forage Act", 41 USCS § 11 {pdf}, becomes law. Authorizes the military to make purchases in excess of their appropriation by Congress, in "emergencies". Still is use today!
1867 The RECONSTRUCTION ACT is passed. The act divided the southern states into five military districts. To be restored to the Union, the states had to hold state conventions, whose delegates were elected with the aid of African-American suffrage; these conventions had to frame constitutions approved by Congress and ratified by the people of the states; and the legislatures elected under each constitution had to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment. [One wonders about the legality of an Amendment approved under duress.]
1867 The first U.S. Department of Education was established. Henry Bayard, a leader in educational reform, was the first commissioner under the act.
1887 Congress passes the Hatch Act which gave this nation its network of agricultural experiment stations, allowing us, through research, to become the most effective and efficient producer of food and fiber in the world. However, the Agriculture Department has now grown to such a size as to exceed the budget of most countries of the world!
1901 Platt Amendment approved by which the U.S. gave itself the right to dictate all of Cuba's international agreements, to intervene in domestic political affairs, and to establish a military base at Guantánamo Bay (for "refueling ships", or so it said).
1917 The Jones Act, passed by Congress this date, makes Puerto Rico a territory of the US. The law makes voting compulsory and applies the Selective Service Act to the citizens. Puerto Rico drafts 18,000 men into the US Army!
1925 In Carroll v. United States 267 U.S. 132 the Supreme Court allows searches of automobiles without a search warrant under some circumstances.
1931 Congress passes the Animal Damage Control Act; established within USDA. Taxpayers get hit with two bills {pdf}: one to eliminate animals, the other to protect them. Sort of like the tobacco quagmire.
2002 U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda begins, (ending on March 19 after killing 500 Taliban and al Qaeda fighters, with 11 Western troop fatalities). [Allegedly, they are now (2008) stronger than ever.]
2004 War in Iraq: Al Qaeda carries out the Ashoura Massacre in Iraq, killing 170 and wounding over 500.
and . . .
Quote of
the Day
It is terrible to contemplete how few politicians are hanged.
    — G. K. Chesterton, The Cleveland Press, 3/1/1921
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