Historical Political Events for March 9

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Year Event
1820 Manila Massacre -- 125 foreigners killed.
1933 The Emergency Banking Relief Act makes it illegal to own gold in the U.S.. Unfortunately, the powers that be somehow forget to ever terminate these "national emergencies".
1942 The U.S. Supreme Court did rule in 1942, in "Chaplinsky v. New Hampshire", that intimidating speech directed at a specific individual in a face-to-face confrontation amounts to "fighting words", and that the person engaging in such speech can be punished if "by their very utterance [the words] inflict injury or tend to incite an immediate breach of the peace."
1945 Firebombing of Tokyo by U.S. forces: the leading B-29 bombers dropped their largest M-47 incendiaries as markers to lay out a precise grid over the city center. Then the rest of the bomber force filled in the grids with dense clusters of smaller incendiaries, ensuring that nothing on the ground could escape unscathed. "We knew we were going to kill a lot of women and kids," Air Force Gen. Curtis LeMay later said. "Had to be done." Tokyo Fire-Bombing killed many more people than did the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
1957 The U.S. government announced the Eisenhower Doctrine: A joint congressional resolution empowered the president to use up to $200 million for economic and military assistance to any Middle Eastern nation desiring it.
1965 President Johnson (D), as one of his first acts to support "The Great Society", sends $1.4 billion of federal-state economic aid to Appalachia.
1976 The first female cadets are accepted for admission to West Point Military Academy {pdf}.
1999 Today's Example of a Most Interesting Government Purchase (according to the CBD): From U.S. Department of Labor: "STUDIES OF THE IMPACT OF REGULATIONS", AMT $8,261,407, TO CONSAD Research Corporation, 121 North Highland Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15206, AMT $7,296,935 TO Eastern Research Group, Inc., 110 Hartwell Avenue, Lexington, MA 02421-3136, AMT $6,858,760 TO TechLaw, Inc., 14500 Avion Parkway, Suite 300, Chantilly, VA 20151-1101, and AMT $7,421,747 TO Jack Faucett Associates, Inc., 4550 Montgomery Avenue, Suite 300 North, Bethesda, MD 20814. [Now, could we get a study on the impact of useless $30 million dollar studies billed to the taxpayers?]
and . . .
Quote of
the Day
As horrible as the death toll was in World War I, the millions who died were, by and large, killed on the battlefield--soldiers killed by soldiers, not civilians killed by lawless or random or planned savagery. The rough proportion of military to civilian casualties was 90 to 10. In World War II, the proportions were roughly even. Today, for every 10 military casualties there are on the order of 90 civilian deaths.
    — RON GUTMAN & DAVID RIEFF, preface, Crimes of War: What the Public Should Know
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