Historical Political Events for June 17

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Year Event
1775 Battle of Bunker Hill, opposite Boston. Americans driven from entrenchments but only after inflicting great losses on the British.
1902 The National Reclamation Act or 'Newlands' Act passed by Congress. It authorizes the federal government to build great irrigation dams throughout the Western US.
1930 "Smoot-Hawley" or "Tariff Act of 1930" becomes law. The country was in a depression and it was supposed to help. Somewhat like cutting off your arm to cure an infected finger! Tariffs went up from 20% to 60%. Since the rest of the world retaliated with their own tariffs, thousands of workers lost their jobs as factories closed down.
1954 Under President Eisenhower (R), the INS tries to solve the illegal immigrant problem: The INS launched "Operation Wetback" on this date, under which INS and local law enforcement authorities removed 1.1 million Mexican illegal immigrants {pdf} in FY54.
1963 In School District of Abington Township, Pennsylvania v. Schempp, 374 U.S. 203 (1963) (USSC+) the Supreme Court struck down rules requiring the Lord's Prayer or Bible verses in public schools
1967 The Chinese Hydrogen Bomb tested the first time.
1969 In Benton v. Maryland, 392 U.S. 925, the Supreme Court rules that the protection against double jeopardy applies to the states.
1972 James McCord, security director of President Richard Nixon's re-election committee, and four Cuban-Americans are arrested for breaking into the Democratic National Committee Headquarters at the Watergate condo/office/hotel complex in Washington, D.C
1991 The Supreme Court rules, in "Wilson v. Seiter (89-7376), 501 U.S. 294 (1991)", that prison conditions such as overcrowding, poor sanitation, and exposure to violence to not violate the 8th Amendment's prohibition of cruel and unusual punishment. Of course, cruel and unusual punishment is a vague term and, as such, is effectively no protection at all.
and . . .
Quote of
the Day
No, that is the great fallacy; the wisdom of old men. They do not grow wise. They grow careful.
    — Ernest Hemingway, A Farewell To Arms
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