Historical Political Events for July 4

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Year Event
1776 The Declaration of Independence, drafted by Thomas Jefferson with revisions by Benjamin Franklin and John Adams, signed at Philadelphia.
1826 Former presidents Thomas Jefferson and John Adams die on the 50th anniversary of the American Independence.
1863 Union troops defeated Confederate forces in the Battle of Vicksburg, Mississippi after a 47 day siege. A major turning point in the war with the South now headed toward defeat.
1894 A coup d'tat overthrew the monarchy in Hawaii and set up a provisional government under Sanford B. Dole. The Republic of Hawaii was proclaimed on this date. A reluctant and indignant Queen Liliuokalani abdicated her throne. (From The Encyclopedia of World History)
1946 Philippine independence established (sort of) 48 years after the takeover by the US. Actually, they were granted commonwealth status in 1936 but full independence was delayed until after World War II. The price of this "independence" included the continuance of massive US military bases on their islands. [Iraqi citizens should take note.]
1966 Freedom of Information Act, P.L. 89-487, becomes law. How to use?
-- Independence Day
and . . .
Quote of
the Day
May it [the Declaration of Independence] be to the world, what I believe it will be, . . . the signal of arousing men to burst the chains under which monkish ignorance and superstition had persuaded them to bind themselves, and to assume the blessings and security of self-government. . . The general spread of the light of science has already laid open to every view the palpable truth, that the mass of mankind has not been born with saddles on their backs, nor a favored few booted and spurred, ready to ride them legitimately, by the grace of God. These are grounds of hope for others. For ourselves, let the annual return of this day [July 4th] forever refresh our recollections of these rights, and an undiminished devotion to them....
    — Thomas Jefferson, letter to Roger C. Weightman, June 24, 1826, Jefferson's last letter, declining, due to ill health, an invitation to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the signing of that document; he died 10 days later the 50th anniversary of the Declaration's signing
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