Historical Political Events for July 5

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Year Event
1610 John Guy sets sail from Bristol, England, with 39 other colonists for Newfoundland.
1641 The courts of Star Chamber and High Commission are abolished by the English Parliament as part of its attack on the institutions through which King Charles I extended his prerogative powers during his personal rule. The abolition of the prerogative Court of Star Chamber ends effective censorship in England and clears the way for the reporting of domestic news and political events -- at least for a few years. [From The Encarta® 2000 New World Timeline © Copyright 1998, Helicon Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.]
1811 Venezuela declares its independence from Spain and adopts a constitution under the influence of the South American nationalist Simón Bolívar and Francisco de Miranda, having disavowed allegiance to Ferdinand VII of Spain. [From The Encarta® 2000 New World Timeline © Copyright 1998, Helicon Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.]
1865 The United States Secret Service was created by Secretary of the Treasury Hugh McCulloch to suppress counterfeiting.
1935 President Franklin Roosevelt signs the National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act). This pro-union act resulted in a soaring union membership, strikes, walkouts, violence, and seizures of plants. And there was a depression going on. Go figure.
1948 Britain's The National Health Service (NHS) is created.The NHS was, and largely remains, a system of medicine, intended to be "free at the point of delivery" and paid for by taxes.
1952 In Egypt, the Society of Free Officers led by General Muhammad Naguib seize control of the government in a military coup d'état. King Farouk abdicates.
and . . .
Quote of
the Day
We owe most of what we know to about one hundred men. We owe most of what we have suffered to another hundred or so.
    — R.W. Dickson
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