Historical Political Events for August 23

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Year Event
1572 The Massacre of St. Bartholomew August 23 and 24 kills as many as 50,000 Huguenots at Paris and in the provinces. Urged on by the queen mother Catherine de' Medici, Catholics disembowel the young king's adviser Gaspard, Admiral de Coligny, and throw him from his window still alive. Pope Gregory XIII and all the Catholic powers congratulate Catherine, and the pope commands that bonfires be lighted to celebrate the massacre, which he calls better than 50 Battles of Lepanto. (Quoted from The People's Chronology,from Henry Holt and Company, Inc. Copyright 1995, 1996 by James Trager. All rights reserved.) [Well, at least, all the victims -- on both sides -- get to go to heaven.]
1775 George III declared the American Colonies in a state of rebellion and threatened to deal harshly with traitors. Compare Lincoln's proclamation against the Southern states.
1833 Under the direction of Edward Stanley, the English Parliament abolished slavery in the colonies over a five-year period with compensations of 20 million to slave owners. (Encyclopedia of World History)
1939 Stalin signs non-aggression pact with Hitler.
1958 Congress passes the National Defense Education Act providing more than $1,000,000,000 to improve education. There is a long history of Federal spending on education, with generally disastrous results for the kids but does make for great profits and fat jobs for government and contractors.
1980 Several legislators were convicted on criminal charges resulting from ABSCAM conducted by the FBI. The amount of money that changed hands was $50,000 -- a pittance compared to today's activities!
and . . .
Quote of
the Day
I returned, and saw under the sun, that the race is not to the swift, nor the battle to the strong, neither yet bread to the wise, nor yet riches to men of understanding, nor yet favour to men of skill; but time and chance happeneth to them all.
    — The Bible, Ecclesiastes 9:11
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