Historical Political Events for August 5

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Year Event
1861 President Lincoln signed into law the first federal government income tax that levied only 3% of your income over $800. The first federal income tax was collected on Aug 4, 1862. It was meant as a Civil-war tax only and was rescinded in 1872.
1861 Between 1851 and 1874, celebrated authorities made reports advancing various plans for improving the Mississippi River, and semi-accurate maps were compiled. The most comprehensive report was filed on this date with the Bureau of Topographical Engineers of the U.S. Army (later to be "Corps of Engineers") by Capt. A.A. Humphreys and Lt. H.L. Abbot. This "classic of engineering literature" provided the basis for the development plan for the river and is still used more than 100 years later. From this plan, the original Mississippi flood control levees were constructed, allowing the full development of the huge amount of agriculture we have today in the flood plane.
1914 Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia.
1981 Under the orders of President Reagan (R), the federal government began firing air traffic controllers who had gone out on strike.
1997 National Debt Limit increased from $5.5 trillion to $5.95 trillion so that we can continue to live far beyond our means.
1999 Clinton (D) issues Executive Order (EO) #13132 that states, "Acts of the national government -- whether legislative, executive, or judicial in nature -- that exceed the enumerated powers of that government under the Constitution violate the principle of federalism established by the Framers" and orders that such abuses be stopped immediately. You did notice a change right? Presumably, any future "Waco" type incidents will be handled by local authorities. And education and welfare will no longer be of interest to the Federal government. EO's are used by some presidents to bypass the legislative process in establishing new laws.
2005 Today's Example of a Most Interesting Government Purchase: ADS, Inc. Awarded $130,000,000 (total contract could exceed $500 million) Specialty Equipment Prime Vendor Contract to Expedite Special Operational Equipment to DoD and Federal Civilian Agencies. Luke Hillier, Chief Executive Officer of ADS said, "ADS has the ability to rapidly meet the needs of warfighters who are deployed, preparing for deployment or in training here in the United States." [Ain't war fun!]
2007 Congress passed and the President Bush (R) signed into law the Protect America Act of 2007, which modified the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) to give our intelligence community "necessary tools to acquire important information about our enemies." Yes, "Al Qaeda Is Coming, al Qaeda Is Coming, al Qaeda Is Coming". Gives Government Six Months to Turn Internet and Phone Systems into Permanent Spying Architecture.
and . . .
Quote of
the Day
But it was impossible to save the Great Republic. She was rotten to the heart. Lust of conquest had long ago done its work; trampling upon the helpless abroad had taught her, by a natural process, to endure with apathy the like at home; multitudes who had applauded the crushing of other people's liberties, lived to suffer for their mistake in their own persons. The government was irrevocably in the hands of the prodigiously rich and their hangers-on; the suffrage was become a mere machine, which they used as they chose. There was no principle but commercialism, no patriotism but of the pocket.
    — Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens), 19th-century American humorist, author and journalist
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