Historical Political Events for September 24

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Year Event
1789 The Federal Judiciary Act creates the Supreme Court with 6 members {pdf}. The "Alien Tort Claims Act", part of this act, allows victims of torture and other abuses in foreign countries to sue the USA if the abuse was by a company or agency working under the authority of the US government. This act is still being invoked today.
1862 President Lincoln issues a proclamation unprecedented in American history. He suspended the writ of liberty everywhere in the United States. The suspension applied to Confederate spies or to those who aided the rebel cause, interfered with military enlistments, resisted the draft, or were "guilty of any disloyal practice." This last offense allowed the military to arrest newspaper editors and speakers critical of the Union war effort. Lincoln further ordered that persons arrested under his proclamation were subject to martial law, which meant they would be tried and punished by military courts.
1873 US forces land in Panama, September 24-October 9, to protect American citizens and rail traffic on the isthmus during local violence. Naval vessels were in the area from September 18 through December 14.
1965 Executive order 11246 was signed this date by President Johnson (D), establishing "equal opportunity" obligations for federal agencies which required the inclusion of an "equal opportunity" clause into each contract. What is curious about this action is that the Civil Rights Act, which said the same thing, was passed over a year before. Apparently the Executive Branch has more faith in its unconstitutionally enacted laws than those properly created by the legislature.
1969 "Chicago Seven" go on trial. The seven Vietnam War protest leaders were accused of conspiring to start a riot during the 1968 Democratic National Convention.
1997 Today's Example of a Most Interesting Government Purchase (announced in the CBD): From the EPA:STATISTICAL APPROACHES TO CHARACTERIZE AIR QUALITY, AMT $2,137,167, TO Systems Applications International a division of ICF Kaiser International, Inc. [It doesn't hurt having Ex-Congress-critter, Tony Coelho, on the board (Whoops, he got replaced by Hazel R. O’Leary. Imagine that!)]
and . . .
Quote of
the Day
The reason for fighting - I never got straight
But I learned to accept it - Accept it with pride
For you don't count the dead - When God's on your side.

    — Bob Dylan, 1964, "With God on Our Side"
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